Hematology

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Blood Disorders

Symptoms

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HEMATOLOGY ONCOLOGY is the research, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of blood diseases (hematology) and cancer (oncology). It includes problems with your red blood cells,white blood cells, platelets, blood vessels, bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, or the proteins involved in bleeding and clotting.

A variety of factors can cause blood disorders. It is not uncommon for those undergoing chemotherapy or radiation treatments to develop a blood disorder in response to the chemicals. Bone marrow illnesses or cancers can cause other blood disorders. The overuse of recreational drugs, chemical exposure, pregnancy complications, viral infections, chromosomal issues, and heredity can often cause or influence blood disorders.

Nearly half of all blood disorders can not be linked to a specific causative factor.

 

PEOPLE ARE AFFECTED by many types of blood disorders, all of which are treated by OHC.The more common types of blood disorders include:

Anemia
- Iron-deficiency anemia
- Pernicious anemia
- Aplastic anemia
- Sickle Cell anemia

Bleeding Disorders
- Blood clots
- Hemophilia
- von Villebrand disease

Blood Cancers
- Leukemia
- Lymphoma
- Myeloma

 

A BLOOD DISORDER may have many symptoms, some of which can be cleared up with treatment and others that will linger to varying degrees once treatment has commenced. Some common symptoms of a blood disorder may include:

  • Abdominal distress
  • Anemia
  • Bleeding gums
  • Bone or joint pain, unexplained bone fractures
  • Excessive or easy bruising
  • Nose bleeds
  • Persistent weight loss
  • Recurrent infections
  • Swelling in the neck, underarm, or groin
  • Unexplained bone fractures
  • Weakness, fatigue, or breathlessness

Blood disorders can lead to serious complications such as internal bleeding, joint damage, adverse reaction to therapies, hemorrhaging, and the inability to fight infection are just a few.

 

FOR MORE INFORMATION on blood disorders, talk to your OHC physician or nurse. Or check out some of the these other valuable resources:

American Red Cross – Donate Blood

American Society of Hematology – Patient Articles

American Society of Hematology – Patient Websites

America’s Blood Centers – Blood Facts

Blood – Journal/Blog